Colour is an important aspect of the design of interior spaces. We know that a well planned space can be enhanced by using ‘appropriate’ colours. An appropriate colour for a space is relative and cannot be prescribed.
The use of colours in interior spaces as the translation of abstract colour schemes, theories and meanings into real materials, surfaces, experience and use in a space is a complex matter requiring creativity, judgment and often comes with experience. However, organized methodology and advance planning of colours can lead to successful use of colours.
An understanding of the colour theories and effects also supports confidence in use of colour in practice. Various devised colour schemes may not be directly applicable to actual colour schemes in practice but it helps in understanding the way in which colour appears to the viewers, its different effects and provides a sound background for appropriate use of colours. An understanding of colour psychology and symbolism play an important role while choosing colours for interior spaces in different settings for different functions.
There are three key questions to be asked while working with colours in interior spaces:
Colours used for residential interiors can be highly personalized depending on the taste and choice of the owners. Hospital interiors are generally white and blue to indicate cleanliness and being calm. In contrast many experiments can be done with trendy, bright colours while choosing colours for fast-food joints and restaurants targeting young crowd. The function of the space corresponds to colours based on the preferences of the clients, users, intended ambience, atmosphere as well as desired mood and emotions.
Before you derive a colour scheme for an interior space it is very important to inquire the use of the space and their needs and attitudes- what is the age group, whether children, youth or elderly? Are there people with special needs requiring special design considerations? Young children are attracted more by colour than shapes and infants preferred and blues. For elderly people all colours will be dimmer and visual resolution will be lower. Hence while designing for elderly people, designers should use bright colours and make sure that brightness and contrast is especially high.
Colour schemes may vary for spaces in hot and bright climate to cold and dull weather, in specific cultural and social settings, in different physical and geographical locations.
What You Learn
EXIN teaches it’s students the following aspects for their future vocation. There are a few steps to follow that might be useful for developing appropriate colour schemes for successful interior spaces. EXINIANS are trained on the following:-
1. Developing an abstract colour charts
2. Defining elements of an interior space
3. Developing material charts
4. Creating coloured layouts and space designs
5. Practical testing
Developing an Abstract Colour Charts:
Developing colour charts is very useful in developing satisfactory colour schemes for interior spaces. The colours for abstract charts should be chosen based on the answers to the previously mentioned 3W’s but should be independent of actual layout and general design of a particular space. Abstract colour charts can be merely bands of desired colours and can be created using coloured papers or paints like watercolour which gives more flexibility in producing different colours of different shades and tints by adding and mixing of pigments. Choosing the first colour and adding colours in sequence with a constant attempt to achieving satisfying relations is the aim of this exercise. Several alternatives may be laid out for a particular key colour and final selection can be delayed until total scheme is complete.
Defining Elements of an Interior Space:
The next step is to define the elements of the interior space that a designer is to conceive. Several elements of an interior space may share same colour hence it is important to make a list of elements in the interior space eg. floors, walls, ceiling, architectural features, doors, upholstery, furniture, artwork, etc.
Developing Material Charts:
After a satisfactory colour chart is derived assign real material colours to match the chart colours. Samples of paint colours, wood finishes, tapestry, veneers, laminates etc available from various suppliers can be used to create material charts and schemes.
Creating Coloured Layouts and Space Designs:
After the abstract colour and material charts are derived and the elements of interior space are determined, the next step is to transfer the material chart to a space layout or model. It is best to start with areas that occupy large spaces such as floor, ceiling, walls or to start focus objects or key element of the design which will act as a key colour in your colour scheme. The samples from the material chart are indented to stand for the way in which each colour will look in the final placement. After the assignment and placement of colours in the plan and elevation drawings, developing a physical model or a 3d computer model can be very useful to create realistic images of the space with desired lighting effects.
The actual materials when applied in real sometimes may appear very different from their samples, hence some practical testing on smaller areas on the site is useful. Also, viewing the entire piece of upholstery or laminate sheets may give a better idea of the final effect and there are less chances of getting wrong. This becomes more clear with experience and knowledge about materials available in the market.
However, this may vary extensively depending on the tints, tones and shades of the hue. Personal preferences and cultural parameters also pay a key role in defining the character of the space based on the colour usage. Also, the amount of colour used in a space may vary affecting its character and appearance. eg. red can be used to highlight or gain focus on cer tan areas or walls whereas too much application of red in living areas may be difficult to live with. The same read can work well on large surfaces and areas if there is a lot of natural light. It can also be used extensively in trendy food outlets, pubs, etc.
Colour, material and lighting choices for interior spaces may be different for residential use, retail outlets, restaurants, hotels, showrooms, offices, religious buildings, transport interchanges etc depending on its location, climate, culture, activity and preferences.
Duration of the Course: 3 months
Interested candidates must have appeared/passed the CBSE/ISCE/ISC/Regional Board (or any other equivalent board) 10+2 examination in any discipline. Candidates who have recently appeared for the examination and are awaiting their results may also apply.
We, at EXIN follow the following evaluation procedures for admission to its various courses. Candidates have to undergo:
The admission procedure to various courses at EXIN follows the method of:
1. An admission test.
2. An all-inclusive interview.