Key messages for innovation policies in education
As a system, education would benefit from having a well-designed innovation strategy. Contrary to common belief, education is not innovation averse: the amount of change in education is comparable to similar public sectors, and education professionals consider their workplaces to be as innovative as the economy at large. Despite this, education has not managed to harness technology to raise productivity, improve efficiency, increase quality and foster equity in the way other public sectors have. Innovation policies in education have often focused on fragmented issues or on the wrong goals, sometimes driven by a concern for quick wins, but without sustainable gains in the long run. Well-designed innovation strategies in education could leverage the potential of new technology and, with the right kind of policy mix, can contribute to both more efficiency and better outcomes for quality and equity.
Improved measurement must be the foundation of innovation in education. Based on a solid definition of “improvement” at different levels in the system, regular data collection should assess changes over time in improved pedagogical and organizational practices.
● Education needs a strong and efficient system of knowledge creation and diffusion, extending from scientific research into teaching and learning, to the more applied bodies of knowledge in the teaching profession and knowledge entities in the system.
● While innovation in education is not synonymous with the introduction of digital technology, innovation strategies should include the smart implementation and use of technology in a way that leverages their potential for better teaching and learning practices. This will be dealt with in subsequent chapters of this book.
● Effective innovation strategies in education must include an appropriate governance model: identifying key agents of change and champions, defining the roles of stakeholders, tackling pockets of resistance, and conceiving effective approaches for scaling and disseminating innovations.
● Finally, innovation in education requires strong evaluation. Without a broad and widely shared culture of evaluation, innovation in education will remain stuck at the level of well-intended but isolated pioneering efforts. Finding out what really works, what doesn’t and why is key to developing a body of knowledge that can guide future innovations.
● Besides being a field of innovation in its own right, education has also a key relationship to innovation at large: as a system developing the skills for innovation in economies and societies. Recent accounts of innovation and innovation strategies have emphasized the importance of the skills needed to start, disseminate and implement innovation. Critical thinking, creativity and imagination, on top of strong subject-based, and social and emotional skills, are key to the success of innovation. Education policies need to cover developing these skills as a matter of key importance. Entrepreneurship education is a good example of a setting in which such skills can be fostered and nurtured.
Digitization, digital practices and digital skills :
● Further develop telecommunications infrastructure (e.g. access to broadband and telecommunication services) and preserve the open Internet.
● Promote the ICT sector including its internationalization.
● Strengthen e-government services including enhanced access to public sector information (PSI) and data (i.e. open government data).
● Strengthen trust (digital identities, privacy and security).
● Encourage the adoption of ICTs by businesses and SMEs in particular, with a focus on key sectors such as healthcare, transportation and education.
● Advance e-inclusion with a focus on the aging population and disadvantaged social groups.
● Promote ICT-related skills and competences including basic ICT skills and ICT specialist skills.
● Tackle global challenges such as Internet governance, climate change and development co-operation.
Efficient Educational Institution Infrastructure :
1. By fueling smart textbooks that adjust to a learner's speed.
Tests and other assessments were once the only way to determine whether students actually read assigned material. By the time teachers had the results, it was often too late for struggling students to catch up. However, the new breed of electronic textbooks take a different approach to measuring a student's mastery of material. Such devices can talk to students, coaching them on the most effective way to read the material based on their reading speed and answers to periodic questions.
2. By personalizing the learning experience.
Typically, a learning experience is tailored to a classroom: If a class has 20 children, the teacher usually finds a balance that addresses the fastest and slowest learners. However, by using electronic textbooks and applications that measure performance, teachers can personalize learning experiences and create custom study paths for each student.
3. By finding pain points.
Though largely untapped, social media can be used to unearth national or local trends related to curricula. In particular, pain points related to subjects or educational initiatives can be discerned through sentiment analysis and used to inform programs going forward.
4. By increasing classroom engagement.
When a teacher asks a question in class, only one person can answer at a time. However, an increasing number of educators are adopting interactive response systems that let every student in a class respond simultaneously.
5. By measuring engagement.
Online learning programs and electronic textbooks can measure a student's engagement by noting how fast they read, the speed of their answers to practice questions or even the pause between keystrokes.
6. By keeping parents informed.
In addition to evaluations that teachers periodically send home, many parents may want access to raw data about their children's performance: how engaged they are, which concepts they're having trouble with and their overall performance. This information can help parents be more strategic about using their resources to help their children succeed.
7. By identifying dropout risks.
Data gathered over the years has shown that attendance history, class performance and socioeconomic status are the strongest indicators that a child may drop out.. If schools/institutions can use this kind of data to intervene before students start struggling, they could help mitigate the overall dropout rate.
The recent reports released by Federation of
Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and Ernst and Young (EY) on
Higher Education in India during the FICCI higher education summit held at New
Delhi from 12th to 14th November 2014: Vision 2030 looks ahead at a time when
India will be a leading global player in education and amongst the
youngest nations in the world, with nearly 140 million people in the
college-going age group. With one in every four graduates in the world will be
a product of the Indian higher education system. The vision 2030 is aligned
with policy foundation and envisages the student at the core of the Globalised
world. This can be achieved only by educating and empowering youth through a
sound education system with a clear vision and a time-bound roadmap.
Over the last two decades, India has remarkably transformed its higher education landscape. India has not only bettered its enrolment numbers but has enhanced its learning outcomes.
“In order to realize the goals we envision for 2030, adopting a transformative and innovative approach is critical across all the levers of higher education: from curricula and pedagogy to the use of technology to partnerships, governance and funding. Making rapid progress over the next two decades would require a committed and concerted effort from all stakeholders involved ie academia, industry, and government.” With the effective use of technology, India has been able to resolve the longstanding tension between excellence and equity.
India has undertaken massive structural and systemic changes that have started to yield encouraging results. The country has been touted to have the best-in-class post-secondary education system at present. These factors will contribute to the growth and can help envision the 2030 dream.
The right career option is quite tricky for both students and their parents. Most of us go through the same dilemma after passing class 12th exams or during graduation. Opportunities can be hard to spot; one can find them, if he/she uses a thoughtful and deliberate approach. It’s important that student should know how to identify and pursue opportunities that are a good match for his/her interests, skills, and circumstances. The interest of the student is necessary but lucrativeness of the career and job prospects also play an important role in making the decision. Besides top paying career options such as MBA, Software, Chartered Accountancy, Journalism, Medical, Advertising, PR and architecture, there are numerous other career options in flying & aviation, physical education & sports, law, interior designing, digital media management and marketing, fashion designing, multimedia & artificial intelligence, research & development and administrative services. The process of finding opportunities that will eventually lead a student to an exciting but unknown destination. The student needs to be patient, and persistent in his/her efforts. The student will not only end up in a role that's right for him/her, but will have a good understanding of options available.
There are multiple choices regarding career options and one is bombarded with questions like, which is the right career for me? Am I making the right decision? Which programme and course can get me a good job?. There are lists of traditional and newly introduced courses available like- Bachelor’s of Hotel Management (BHM), General Nursing & Midwifery, B Com (Hons), B Sc (Hons), Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery, Master of Dental Surgery, Diploma in Pharmacy, Engineering and MBBS. Research about the course you are interested in and find out about the career prospects and the other information about that particular course. Speak to people who have already taken the same course and find out what it is to choose future career in that course. Students or professionals, who have completed the course you are interested in, can give you an insight from a student’s perspective.
India is one of those countries, which are known for their quality higher education. There are over 300 universities in India which have thousands of affiliated colleges. Colleges in India cut across various streams such as- arts and commerce, law, science, engineering and technology, management, medical science, journalism and mass communication. After identifying an opportunity to aim for, student needs to prepare and choose college. There are hundreds of colleges and universities available for same course student is interested in. The student needs to choose wisely after researching about the college and how it will help the student excel in the course and make him/her job ready. The student should see all the prospects of the college he/she finally chooses to gain admission in and also look for the processes that will get him/her admitted in the college.
An Innovation-cum-Incubation Centre impregnated with common facility centre has been established by EXIN since 1986. It provides platforms and mechanisms for the students, alumnus, faculties, consultants, industries, vendors, contractors and clients in the region to interact with each other and thus to foster needs/opportunities based on innovation. The importance of design education and innovation is undisputed in helping a nation become a global leader and in maintaining its leadership. Taking into the account the diverse needs of people from across India and PAN Asia, regional growth becomes the foundation for national development. An Institute EXIN in the region, being the knowledge epicenter, will naturally be able to champion multitude of initiatives to create, exploit and diffuse knowledge and innovations into its immediate and larger society.
Aims and Objectives
The Innovation-Cum-Incubation Centre is instrumental in drawing up the innovation strategy power and in creating roadmaps/action plans for the Institute. The following is a proposed list of activities that the Centre is envisaged to undertake:
· Technology transfer.
· Entrepreneurship promotion.
· Igniting Youth Innovation.
· Collaboration with industry, other Institutes/Universities, regional and national stakeholders
· Creation of knowledge sharing mechanisms inside the University
· Training and mentoring
· Innovation in curriculum (It is worth noting that EXIN has already embarked upon this activity by introducing examination reforms, question bank and innovative design of answer scripts.)
· Innovation awareness and outreach
· Institute innovation strategy and roadmap.
The Institute Innovation-cum-Incubation Centre(IC) seeks to build an innovation network with multiple stakeholders like Industry, other Universities, R&D Labs and others. The Institute will act as the focal point and will be able to leverage:
· The technology R&D and problem solving strengths of the Institute
· The entrepreneurial spirit of the students and faculty
· Collaboration with local industry, NGOs and others
· The teaching and training capabilities of the Institute
· Government policy initiatives more efficiently
By doing so and by bridging demand-supply gaps, the IC will increase knowledge exploitation while giving birth to:
· Innovations from R&D
· Innovations in business models along with products, services and delivery
· Inclusive solutions for local, regional, national and global needs
· Innovations in curriculum ( It is worth noting that EXIN has already embarked upon this activity by introducing examination reform, questioning bank and innovative design of answer scripts)
Thus, an Institute Innovation-cum-Incubation Centre will enable enhancements in multiple aspects of the Institute, while providing a better environment for innovation to flourish. Innovation Centre will act as a resource, a guide and an arm of the Institute to foster, facilitate and further innovation culture and spirit in the Institute and its stakeholders. The IC will be instrumental in drawing out the innovation strategy and in creating roadmaps/action plans for the Institute.
Innovation-cum-Incubation Centre of EXIN is implementing the following projects in different domain areas sanctioned by the Management. This is the first institute to receive fund upto Rs. 6.50 cr for establishment of an Innovation-cum-Incubation Centre under the Partnership with NSDC, Govt. of India.